The outcomes of Coronavirus Outbreak on Afghan Women’s Economic Activities

In early 2020, after a December 2019 outbreak in China, the World Health Organization identified a new type of corona virus, the outbreak of this virus started in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on January 30, 2020 and recognized it as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. As of April 7, 2020, the worldwide death toll from the new corona virus has surpassed 101,000
amid about 1.6 million cases and more than 372,000 recoveries. The epidemic virus has spread to all parts of the world today, to the point that we can say a Corona
time bomb exploded in South Asia, including Afghanistan, and the virus spread rapidly. The emergence of the virus has revolutionized all areas of human social life. Even the widespread effects of this virus on politics, economics, culture and society could be seen. Therefore, Afghanistan Women’s Chamber of Commerce and Industry decided to conduct a survey on the challenges posed by “COVID-19”, and its impact on women’s economic participation and the country’s trade situation.

Internal Factors Affecting Growth of Women-Owned Businesses in Afghanistan
Since 2002, with the establishment of the interimgovernment of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the start of post-Taliban reconstruction and development, both the Afghan Government and the international community have made women’s empowerment one of their major areas of focus.Afghan women have been provided opportunities to participate in the social, political, cultural,and economic spheres of life in Afghanistan, asharp contrast to the years of complete female marginalization under the Taliban regime, from

1996 to 2001.

Silk Value Chain Analysis

Agriculture-led growth often proved to be powerful vehicle for broad poverty reduction[1]. The benefits of agriculture-led growth are increased through strengthening the value chain by agriculture marketing strategies and by promoting agro based processing industry[2]. Value chain analysis is used to establish structural connective point among inputs, processes, outputs and outcome. Silk value chain is a series of linkage points among small farmers with input-supplier, processors, traders and final consumers. Using value chain analysis framework developing countries, like Afghanistan, can find small niches in which they can compete in the rapidly growing local and export market

[1] DeJanvry, A. and Sadoulet, E. (2009). Agricultural growth and poverty reduction: additional evidence.  Oxford: Oxford University Press

[2] Christiaensen, L., Demery, L. and Kuhl, J. (2010) The Evolving Role of Agriculture in Poverty Reduction: An Empirical Perspective’, Working Papers UNU -WIDER Working Paper W, World Institute for Development Economic Research UNU-WIDER.